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Is the City Sinking? Alexandria Facing Climate Change

In the occasion of hosting the Conference of Parties in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP27) in Sharm el-Sheikh from 6 to 18 November 2022 with the participation of more than 40,000 people from all over the world, the UN Secretary-General, Anthony Guterres, gave a speech in which he emphasized that climate change is happening at catastrophic speed, and noted that sea levels are rising at twice the speed of the 1990s— posing an existential threat and threatening billions of people in coastal areas.

The danger of sea level rise on the northern coasts of Egypt, especially the Nile Delta and Alexandria, has become a source of great concern to the Egyptian population and relevant parties, coinciding with the warnings based on international and local studies, which alerted to the danger of sea level rise change. In this research paper, we review the location of the city of Alexandria on the Egyptian coast, the natural characteristics of the city and the history of the flooding and sinking of some of its parts in the past, to clarify the general context and the conditions that result in the extent of vulnerability to climate change. The second part explores the causes of sea level rise, climate change scenarios, the occurring and expected changes to sea level according to these concepts. It then moves to the threats of future floods and the impact of climate changes on rainfall and temperature in the city.

To read the research in Arabic: Click here!

 

Source of  the cover photo: Yasmine Hussein

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